Hypertension

Category:Medicine

Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, is a medical condition caused when blood pressure in the arteries is heightened above normal levels. This chronic medical condition, also termed arterial hypertension, can be quite serious in some cases and it requires a good diagnosis and treatment. What basically happens with hypertension is that the heart is forced to work more than usual when pumping blood throughout the body, in the veins or blood vessels. Once diagnosed by a specialist, those suffering from hypertension can monitor themselves at home, daily, by purchasing one of the many types of blood pressure meters. Apart from the fact that hypertension reduces the quality of life and prevents patients from enjoying simple activities, it can also cause complications in surgeries, even though those surgeries are not performed on the heart. For example, many medical negligence claims solicitors report that their clients experienced unexpected issues because of an elevated heart rate.

Blood pressure can be measured by two values, systolic and diastolic, the first showing that the heart is relaxed between beats and the second that the heart is contracted between beats. The normal values of blood pressure should be found somewhere within 100-140 mmHg systolic and 60-90 mmHg diastolic. So when having your blood pressure taken, the systolic and diastolic values should not exceed any of the numbers above. If, for example, your blood pressure is measured at 140/90 mmHg or above that, you probably suffer from hypertension.

Hypertension is a serious illness because it can lead to other life-threatening diseases such as heart failure, myocardial infarction, strokes, aneurysms and others. Hypertension needs to be diagnosed and treated as soon as you suspect something is wrong, because even without other complications it is associated with shorter life expectancy. Besides medical treatments, hypertension or high blood pressure can be kept in line by maintaining a healthy and stress-free lifestyle. Though it may seem to the contrary, even moderate but sustained physical effort can help improve your condition and overall health and reduce the risk of complications.

The problem with hypertension is that it rarely manifests itself visibly or in any way that might help the patient be aware of his condition. Generally, high blood pressure is diagnosed when the patient goes for a checkup for unrelated issues, or if they specifically ask for a screening that can indicate whether hypertension is an issue or not. However, among the symptoms that may appear in some cases we find headaches – usually at the back of the head –, vertigo, lightheadedness, fainting episodes, altered sight and perhaps tinnitus. It can sometimes be diagnosed when going for an eye checkup and the physician notices hypertensive retinopathy. There are many things which can cause hypertension, even pregnancy in some cases, so if you suspect you might suffer from it, visit a specialist as soon as possible. This condition is even more serious during pregnancy. If you suspect that your doctor is careless with your condition, you should visit another doctor. There have been a lot of pregnancy negligence claims due to the fact that babies developed birth defects because of the mother’s hypertension. However, note that medical complications and medical negligence are not the same thing and you cannot get compensation if the damage incurred was caused by an incontrollable or unapparent issue. For best results, talk to medical negligence claims solicitors about the differences between the two to avoid misunderstandings. Financial compensations for negligence claims can’t make up for a baby’s birth defects so the best thing to do is to take all possible precautions. This condition is very serious for all people and it is particularly more dangerous for pregnant women. Take your condition seriously and if you are not satisfied with your doctor, visit another doctor which is more sensitive to your needs and your worries.

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