Federal Aviation Administration
The Federal Aviation Administration, also known as FAA is the national aviation authority overseeing and regulating all facets of civil aviation taking place in the United States of America. In 1958, in an act proposed by the United States Congress called the Federal Aviation Act, an organization named the Federal Aviation Agency was established; the organization changed its name into the Federal Aviation Administration when it adhered to the United States Department of Transportation.
One of the first obligations of the Federal Aviation Administration is to regulate the United States’ commercial space transportation. It must also regulate flight inspection standards and the geometry of air navigation facilities; it is also obligated to encourage and even develop civil aeronautics and help with research and the development of new aviation technology. Another attribute of the Federal Aviation Administration is to issue, suspend and revoke any general aviation pilot certificates; to regulate civil aviation into promoting safety through their numerous local offices known as Flight Standards District Offices. The FAA has many other obligations as well, such as the development and operating of air traffic control and navigation systems for civil and military aircrafts, the development and application of programs meant to control aircraft noise and many other projects related to air flights.
For better operational purposes, the Federal Aviation Administration had nine quarters, overseeing nine regions pertaining to the United States, with their main Headquarters in Washington, DC. They also have the Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center in Oklahoma City and the William J. Hughes Technical Center in Atlantic City. The nine regions that FAA has quarters in are: Alaskan in Anchorage, Alaska; Northwest Mountain in Renton, WA; Western Pacific in Hawthorne, CA; Central in Kansas City, MO; Southwest in Fort Worth, TX; Great Lakes in Chicago, IL; Eastern in New York City; Southern in Atlanta, GA and New England in Burlington, MA.
The FAA has a long history, not exempt from controversy and criticism, as least where its governing rules are concerned, being accused at one point for a too quick reaction and too harsh fines on airlines that violate their regulations. However, these accusations may have been biased, so there’s no actual ground for most of them. The FAA also has a tradition of issuing awards to some of those that hold licenses from them and another tradition of offering a number of ten badges to pilots who complete a certain number of flight hours. The pilots can rise in level and obtain a new badge with each level.